It’s true. Lincoln did not “free the slaves” as the quaint expression goes. You should, of course, understand that there never has been a “great” American president. In any case, a book called Forced Into Glory: Abraham Lincoln’s White Dream, written by the executive editor emeritus of Ebony magazine, Lerone Bennett, Jr., refutes the American mythology of Abraham Lincoln the emancipator. It’s all useful lies to mollify and bedazzle the patriotic masses. As Bennett says in the book:
“A growing body of evidence suggests that the Emancipation Proclamation was a ploy designed not to emancipate the slaves but to keep as many slaves as possible in slavery until Lincoln could mobilize support for his conservative plan to free Blacks gradually and to ship them out of the country. What Lincoln was trying to do, then, from our standpoint, was to outmaneuver the real emancipators and to contain the emancipation tide, which had reached such a dangerous intensity that it threatened his ability to govern and to run the war machinery.”
Now, here are some damning quotes from the “great” man himself:
Lincoln–Douglas debates (1858)
I will say then that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of bringing about in any way the social and political equality of the white and black races, that I am not, nor ever have been, in favor of making voters or jurors of negroes, nor of qualifying them to hold office, nor to intermarry with white people; and I will say in addition to this that there is a physical difference between the white and black races which I believe will forever forbid the two races living together on terms of social and political equality. And inasmuch as they cannot so live, while they do remain together there must be the position of superior and inferior, and I as much as any other man am in favor of having the superior position assigned to the white race.
Second State of the Union address (1862)
I can not make it better known than it already is that I strongly favor colonization . . . Labor is like any other commodity in the market—increase the demand for it and you increase the price of it. Reduce the supply of black labor by colonizing the black laborer out of the country, and by precisely so much you increase the demand for and wages of white labor.
Emancipation Proclamation (1863)
That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom. [Notice that this "proclamation" accomplished not a damn thing. You're going to free the slaves outside of your control? Behind enemy lines, deep in enemy territory? How generous of you Mr. Lincoln! It was political posturing - nothing more.]